There are two novels and one fairy tale that political junkies should read as means toward understanding the fears and apprehensions of their rivals and opposites.
The future most Conservatives worry about, and why they struggle so fiercely against the forces of Liberalism, is described by Aldous Huxley in his novel Brave New World. Written in 1931, BNW is about a society controlled by academic elites. These elites use brain washing, drugs, political correctness, eugenic engineering, sexual license, and the entertainment media to distract, condition, and regulate people.
George Orwell was a self-described Democratic Socialist who hated Communism and he was especially concerned about Fascism, which he defined primarily as contractual and social contracting agreements between government and big business. His novel 1984 and the novella Animal Farm have together sold more copies than any other books written in the twentieth century by the same author.
Liberals are fond of quoting Orwell's line from Animal Farm, "All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others", which describes theoretical equality in a grossly unequal society. 1984 is about a world controlled by a sometimes fractious assortment of military industrial police states that use brute force, mind control, secret police, torture, and violence to control and subjugate people.
Conservatives see signs of Huxley's Brave New World everywhere: in Planned Parenthood, in the policies and outcomes of the Great Society, in unionism and the growth of public sector workers, in climate change science, and especially in popular culture. They see Democrats, like Gadarene swine, rushing heedlessly toward a chasm of deficits; these swine are followed by crowds of useful idiots addicted to the public teat.
Liberals, on the other hand, see 1984 realized in The Patriot Act, by elected officials working as Business Agents for corporations, through the endless War on Terror, by police assaults on free speech and the right to assemble, and in the rhetorical nonsense that links lower taxes and fewer regulations to more living wage jobs. They see Republican ideas as so much philosophical lipstick on what is otherwise a sociopathic pig.
The fairy tale is anything written by Ayn Rand but specifically here refers to her novel Atlas Shrugged. The novel is about a general strike by the nation's "great and innovative minds" against government regulation and interference in business. There is much resulting chaos, and readers are called on to sympathize with these "minds" as they find true love and struggle amidst the mediocre ruins that is modern America. Advocacy of pure reason, for individualism and for an absolutely free market economy, and for the insidiousness of government in general are major themes.
These fine books and material by Ayn Rand are available at better bookstores everywhere.